Here is an outline of the key points that make a person a good candidate for weight loss surgery:
Body Mass Index (BMI):
- A BMI of 40 or higher, indicating severe obesity.
- A BMI of 35 or higher with obesity-related health issues, such as type 2 diabetes or high blood pressure.
A BMI of 40 or higher is considered severe obesity, and a BMI of 35 or higher with obesity-related health issues is also considered eligible for weight loss surgery. Obesity-related health issues can include type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, heart disease, fatty liver disease, and osteoarthritis.
Previous Weight Loss Attempts:
- Unsuccessful attempts at sustained weight loss through diet, exercise, and other non-surgical methods.
If you have tried to lose weight through diet and exercise for at least six months without success, you may be a good candidate for weight loss surgery. This is because weight loss surgery can help you lose weight and improve your health even if you have not been able to lose weight on your own.
Obesity-Related Health Issues:
- Presence of comorbid conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, or heart disease, that are significantly impacted by obesity.
If you have obesity-related health issues, weight loss surgery can help you improve your health and reduce your risk of complications. For example, weight loss surgery can help to lower blood pressure, improve blood sugar control, and reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
- Assessment of the patient’s psychological and emotional well-being to determine their ability to cope with the changes required after surgery.
Before you have weight loss surgery, you will need to undergo a psychological evaluation. This is to make sure that you are emotionally prepared for the surgery and the changes that will come after surgery. For example, you will need to be prepared to make lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
Commitment to Lifestyle Changes:
- Willingness and commitment to make long-term lifestyle changes, including dietary modifications, regular exercise, and follow-up medical appointments.
Weight loss surgery is a long-term commitment. After surgery, you will need to make lifestyle changes in order to maintain your weight loss and improve your health. This includes eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and attending follow-up medical appointments.
Understanding of the Procedure:
- A thorough understanding of the specific weight loss surgery procedure, potential risks, benefits, and post-operative requirements.
It is important to have a good understanding of the weight loss surgery procedure that you are considering. This includes the risks, benefits, and post-operative requirements. You should talk to your doctor about the different types of weight loss surgery and which one is right for you.
Age and Health Status:
- Generally, candidates should be between 18 and 65 years old, although this can vary depending on the surgery type and individual health circumstances.
Weight loss surgery is typically performed on people between the ages of 18 and 65. However, there are some cases where weight loss surgery may be performed on people outside of this age range. You will also need to be in good overall health to be eligible for weight loss surgery.
- Strong support from family and friends to help with the recovery process and long-term weight management.
Having strong social support is important for success after weight loss surgery. Your family and friends can help you with the recovery process and provide support as you make lifestyle changes.
- A complete medical evaluation to assess the patient’s overall health, including any contraindications for surgery.
Before you have weight loss surgery, you will need to undergo a surgical evaluation. This is to assess your overall health and make sure that you are safe to have surgery. The surgical evaluation may include blood tests, imaging tests, and a physical exam.
- Realistic expectations regarding the amount of weight loss achievable and the potential for improvement in obesity-related health conditions.
It is important to have realistic expectations about weight loss surgery. Weight loss surgery is a major surgery, and it is not a magic bullet. You will still need to make lifestyle changes in order to lose weight and maintain your weight loss.
- Many surgeons prefer candidates to be non-smokers or willing to quit smoking before the procedure, as smoking can increase surgical risks.
Smoking can increase the risks of weight loss surgery. If you smoke, you will need to quit smoking before surgery.
Consultation with a Bariatric Team:
- Meeting with a multidisciplinary team, including a surgeon, dietitian, psychologist, and other specialists, to assess candidacy and plan for post-operative care.
It’s important to note that the suitability of an individual for weight loss surgery is determined on a case-by-case basis. Candidates should consult with healthcare professionals who specialize in bariatric surgery to evaluate their specific circumstances and make an informed decision about the most appropriate treatment option. Weight loss surgery is a significant decision and should be considered carefully, as it comes with both potential benefits and risks.