Surgical Removal of the Gallbladder
Cholecystectomy also known as gallbladder removal surgery, is the surgical removal of the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small, pear-shaped organ that stores bile, a digestive fluid produced by the liver. Bile helps to break down fats in food. The gallbladder is located on the underside of the liver, on the right side of the abdomen.
When is Cholecystectomy Recommended?
Cholecystectomy is usually recommended for people with gallstones that are causing symptoms. These symptoms may include:
- Severe abdominal pain in the upper right side
- Nausea and vomiting
- Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes)
- Fever and chills
Cholecystectomy may also be recommended for people with:
- Gallbladder inflammation (cholecystitis)
- Gallbladder infection (cholecystitis)
- Gallbladder polyps
- Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
- Preoperative Preparation>
Before undergoing cholecystectomy, patients undergo a thorough evaluation to assess their overall health and determine if they are suitable for surgery. This may involve blood tests, imaging studies, and consultations with specialists. Patients are also advised to stop smoking and adjust their medications as needed.
Cholecystectomy is usually performed under general anesthesia, which means you will be asleep during the surgery. The type of anesthesia used will depend on your individual needs and preferences.
During a laparoscopic cholecystectomy, the surgeon will make three to four small incisions in the abdomen. A laparoscope, a thin, lighted tube with a camera, is inserted through one of the incisions. The camera allows the surgeon to see inside the abdomen and guide surgical instruments to remove the gallbladder.
Advanced Laparoscopic and Robotic Cholecystectomy
Robotic cholecystectomy, a newer technique, offers enhanced precision and control during surgery. The surgeon manipulates the robotic arms from a console, allowing for greater dexterity and minimizing hand tremors. This approach is particularly beneficial for patients with complex anatomy or those who have undergone previous abdominal surgeries.
Capital Surgeons Group is a leading provider of advanced laparoscopic and robotic cholecystectomy. Our surgeons are highly experienced and skilled in performing these minimally invasive procedures, which offer numerous benefits over traditional open cholecystectomy.
Benefits of laparoscopic and robotic cholecystectomy include:
- Smaller incisions, resulting in less scarring
- Reduced pain
- Shorter recovery time
- Faster return to normal activities
After cholecystectomy, most patients experience some pain and discomfort, which can be managed with pain medication. Patients are typically discharged from the hospital within 1-2 days and can resume normal activities within a few weeks.
Cholecystectomy is a relatively safe procedure, but complications can occur, such as bleeding, infection, and bile duct injury. These complications are more common in open cholecystectomy compared to laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
After cholecystectomy, most patients experience relief from their gallbladder symptoms and do not experience any long-term complications. The body adapts to the absence of the gallbladder, and digestion continues normally.